Septic Systems

Septic systems can provide long-term, effective treatment of household wastewater if properly designed, constructed and maintained.

Failing septic systems:
  • Can contaminate the ground water that you or your neighbors drink and can pollute nearby rivers, lakes and coastal waters
  • Are expensive to repair or replace
Keeping your septic system in working condition will save you money!

Ways to Keep Septic System Working Properly


Here are ten simple steps you can take to keep your septic system working properly:
  • Locate your septic tank and drain field. Keep a drawing of these locations in your records.
  • Have your septic system inspected at least every three years.
  • Pump your septic tank as needed (generally every three to five years).
  • Don't dispose of household hazardous wastes in sinks or toilets.
  • Keep other household items, such as cigarette filters, coffee grounds, grease, dental floss, feminine hygiene products, condoms, diapers, and cat litter out of your system.
  • Use water efficiently.
  • Plant only grass over and near your septic system. Roots from nearby trees or shrubs might clog and damage the system. Also, do not apply manure or fertilizers over the drain field.
  • Keep vehicles and livestock off your septic system. The weight can damage the pipes and tank, and your system may not drain properly under compacted soil.
  • Keep gutters and basement sump pumps from draining into or near your septic system.
  • Check with our local health department before using additives. Commercial septic tank additives do not eliminate the need for periodic pumping and can be harmful to your system